As a woman transitions through the perimenopause phase to menopause and the oestrogen and progesterone hormone levels decrease, the pituitary gland in the brain creates higher levels of two other hormones:
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Luteinising hormone (LH)
These hormones stimulate production of oestrogen and progesterone in a bid to encourage the ovaries to produce more of these two hormones.
With so many changes taking place in a woman’s body due to fluctuating hormone levels, there are physical as well as mental symptoms experienced to varying degrees by women during the perimenopause phase. These include:
The high levels of FSH and LH can disrupt the body’s temperature regulating systems which can be a contributing factor to hot flushes and night sweats.
Night sweats, anxiety, joint aches, the need to urinate during the night – these are all symptoms of the menopause which can lead to insufficient sleep & feelings of fatigue. The inability of the body to adequately recover together with feeling of anxiety can result in a rise of the stress hormone cortisol.
The menopause can lead to mood changes and depression. Research indicated that 61% of perimenopausal women experience low mood. Many women are unaware they are entering menopause transition and their changing hormones may be causing this.
Up to 47% of the women we surveyed experienced ‘brain fog’, reduced memory and concentration during the menopause. This can lead to a lack of confidence, particularly in the workplace